Originality is not necessarily a product of spontaneity, though it may be. A person with an invention may be exceptionally good at what she does, may be especially insightful or may just get lucky. Usually, though, certain people seem to have a talent for originality, either in a particular field or in several. An original contribution to any field expands the field and gives others a wider base of information from which to draw for their own creative endeavors.
Books by and about Igor Stravinsky:
- Igor Stravinsky, An Autobiography (1936)
- Stephen Walsh, Stravinsky: A Creative Spring: Russia and France: 1882-1934 (University of California Press, 1999).
- Stephen Walsh, Stravinsky: The Second Exile: France and America, 1934-1971 (Knopf, 2006).
- Gretchen Horlacher, Building Blocks Reputation and Continuity in the Music of Stravinsky (Yale University Press, 2001).
- Charles M. Joseph, Stravinsky Inside Out (Yale University Press, 2001).
- Jonathan Cross, The Cambridge Companion to Stravinsky (Cambridge University Press, 2003).
- Eric Walter White, Stravinsky: The Composer and His Works (University of California Press, 2nd ed., 1980).
- Mary Gabriel, Ninth Street Women: Lee Krasner, Elaine de Kooning, Grace Hartigan, Joan Mitchell, and Helen Frankenthaler: Five Painters and the Movement that Changed Modern Art (Little, Brown and Company, 2017): about five important women in the visual arts
- David Sedaris, Calypso (Little, Brown and Company, 2018): “I have come to the conclusion that David Sedaris is not just some geeky Samuel Pepys, as I had assumed all these years. True, he may shed a revelatory light on the more extreme facets of our societal spectrum through his bizarre and pithy prism. Yes, his worldview — a fascinating hybrid of the curious, cranky and kooky — does indeed hold a mirror up to nature and show us as others see us. But make no mistake: He is not the Fool, he is Lear.”
- Mark Dery, Born to Be Posthumous: The Eccentric Life and Mysterious Genius of Edward Gorey (Little, Brown & Company, 2018): “A New Biography Takes on Edward Gorey, a Stubborn Enigma and Master of the Comic Macabre”
- Marjane Satrapi, Persepolis: The Story of a Childhood (Pantheon, 2003): “Satrapi's book combines political history and memoir, portraying a country's 20th-century upheavals through the story of one family. Her protagonist is Marji, a tough, sassy little Iranian girl, bent on prying from her evasive elders if not truth, at least a credible explanation of the travails they are living through.”
- Marjane Satrapi, Persepolis: The Story of a Return (Pantheon, 2004).
- Holly George-Warren, Janis: Her Life and Music (Simon & Schuster, 2019): “This was in an era of pretty soprano voices like Joan Baez’s. Joplin was like the girl in the fairy tale who, every time she opens her mouth, out hops a toad.”
- Eleanor Fitzsimons, The Life and Loves of E. Nesbit: Victorian Iconoclast, Children’s Author and Creator of “The Railway Children” (Abrams, 2019): “She was like a steampunk perpetual motion machine, popping out distinctive creative work and dynamic social plans on a conveyor belt that never stopped but sometimes had a hitch or two.”
- Leandra Ruth Zarnow, Battling Bella: The Protest Politics of Bella Abzug (Harvard University Press, 2019): “When President Gerald Ford was in hot water for his pardon of Richard Nixon, he agreed to testify before a congressional committee as long as there was a time limit ‘and no questions from Bella Abzug.’”
- Francesca Wade, Square Haunting: Five Writers in London Between the Wars (Tim Duggan, 2020): “Imagine five pioneering feminist scholars and writers assembled into one enchanting group portrait: the American poet Hilda Doolittle (known as H.D.), the novelist Dorothy L. Sayers, the classicist Jane Ellen Harrison, the medievalist Eileen Power and Virginia Woolf, whose career changed so much for women in literature and public life.”
- Rivka Galchen, Little Labors (New Directions, 2016): “. . . a highly original book of essays and observations . . .”
- Allen Ginsburg, The Best Minds of My Generation: A Literary History of the Beats (Grove Press, 2017): “. . . Ginsberg asked his students to forget their preconceptions of what a poem or a story should be, and look instead for the ‘interior form’ they glimpsed beyond ‘the superficial level of mind’ of what they knew.”
Technical and Analytical Readings
- Adam Grant, Originals: How Non-Conformists Move the World (Viking, 2016): “ . . . the world’s most original thinkers expose themselves to influences far outside their official arena of expertise.”
- Wassily Kandinsky, Transverse Line (1923)
Music: Composers, artists, and major works
Many great composers defied convention. For example, Mahler was thought to be a minor composer until fifty years after his death, when his symphonies began to be understood. But Igor Stravinsky’s Rite of Spring, with its scandalously primeval rhythms and force, was so unconventional that it incited a riot at its premier performance in 1913. Stravinsky took music into the realm of the unconscious in a way no one had done before, and in so doing shocked the conscience of professional musicians and musicologists, and the public at large. Books by and about Strainsky include an autobiography, “Memories and Commentaries” and biographies by White, Walsh, and Cross. A documentary film has provided an analysis of the work. Stravinsky can justly be called the god of musical unconventionality. His Rite of Spring (performances by Boulez, Wodiczko and Bernstein) is iconic.
Other Stravinsky works:
- The Rite of Spring (ballet)
- Firebird: orchestral and ballet versions
- Petrushka, orchestral and ballet versions
- The Song of the Nightingale; ballet and opera verions
- The Soldier’s Tale; alternate staging
- Pulcinella: orchestral suite and ballet
- Octet for wind instruments
- Oedipus Rex: (opera/oratorio)
- Apollon Musagéte
- Dumbarton Oaks concerto
- Symphony in C major
- Symphony of Psalms
- Symphony in Three Movements
- The Rake’s Progress (opeara: performances conducted by Nagano, Gardiner and Stravinsky)
- Canticum Sacrum (1955)
- Agon (1957)
Works by other composers:
- Guarnieri, Piano Concerto No. 4 (1968): this concerto employs unconventional techniques, including a compositional technique called serialism, “unorthodox sonorities as the piano plays accompanied by a vibraphone” (James Melo, from notes for this album), and atonality.
- Xenakis: A I'lle de Gorée; Naama; Khoai; Komboï
- Art Ensemble of Chicago, “Live” (1972)
- Bluiett Baritone Saxophone Group, “Live at the Knitting Factory”
Film and Stage
- The Triplets of Belleville (Les Triplets de Belleville): a “creepy, eccentric, eerie, flaky, freaky, funky, grotesque, inscrutable, kinky, kooky, magical, oddball, spooky, uncanny, uncouth and unearthly” animated feature filmthat “doesn’t seem to care” whether you like it or not
- Repo Man, “a film that isn’t made from ay known formula and doesn’t follow the rules”; “a sneakily rude, truly zany farce that treats its lunatic characters with a solemnity that perfectly matches the way in which they see themselves”
- Re-Animator, a high-tech science-fiction film “with as much originality as it as gore and that’s saying something”
- Hideo Yokoyama, Six Four: A Novel (Farrar, Straus & Giroux, 2017): ““Was it possible that, in that silence, all worlds were connected?” This strange question, which turns out to be the key sentence in Hideo Yokoyama’s superb “Six Four,” sounds like something from a science-fiction novel, a lonely astronaut’s meditation in deep space. But “Six Four” is a crime novel . . . . this novel is a real, out-of-the-blue original. I’ve never read anything like it.”
From the shadow side:
- John Keats, Sonnet: “If By Dull Rhymes Our English Must Be Chained”