We are at the responsibility stage of development, a step ahead of not doing harm and a step behind moral excellence. It is the stage of moral competence, or duty.
Technical and Analytical Readings
Some people have recognized the importance of values education beginning at an early age.
Social competence, i.e., the ability to and practice of relating to others, is a recognized field in the discipline of social work.
- H. Schneider, Grazia Attili, Jacqueline Nadel and Roger P. Weissberg, eds., Social Competence in Developmental Perspective (Springer, 1989).
- Sara J. Salmon, Empathy and Social Competence Training: Preparing Curriculum Implementation Guide (Research Press, 2015).
- Ian Hutchby and Jo Moran-Ellis, eds., Children and Social Competence: Arenas of Action (Routledge, 1998).
- Vincent van Gogh, Morning Going to Work (1890)
- Camille Corot, Ville d'Avray, The Heights, Peasants Working in a Field (c. 1865)
- Gustave Courbet, The Wheat Sifters (1854-55)
- Diego Velazquez, An Old Woman Cooking Eggs (1618)
Film and Stage
- High Noon: Most people are unfamiliar with this classic Western’s subplot. The sheriff’s bride-to-be is a pacifist who leaves town when he resolves to stay and defend it.
- Seven Samurai: (Shichinin No Samurai) “Akira Kurosawa's epic tale concerns honor and duty during a time when the old traditional order is breaking down.” Modern viewers will notice how strongly the film’s perspective on ethical duty is tied to the culture of origin.
Music: Composers, artists, and major works
Locatelli’s (1695-1764) L’Arte del Violino, Op. 3, is a set of twelve baroque violin concerti. These are journeyman works, of great beauty all the same. The soloist’s relation to the orchestra and its players is consistently respectful and aware.
- Concerto No. 1 in D major
- Concerto No. 2 in C minor
- Concerto No. 3 in F major
- Concerto No. 4 in E major
- Concerto No. 5 in C major
- Concerto No. 6 in G minor
- Concerto No. 7 in B flat major
- Concerto No. 8 in E minor
- Concerto No. 9 in G major
- Concerto No. 10 in F major
- Concerto No. 11 in A major
- Concerto No. 12 in D major, “The Harmonious Labyrinth”
Equally suited to this value are Locatelli’s Violin Sonatas, composed for violin, cello and harpsichord: Op. 6 . . .
- Sonata No. 1 in B flat major
- Sonata No. 2 in F major
- Sonata No. 3 in B major
- Sonata No. 4 in E major
- Sonata No. 5 in C minor
- Sonata No. 6 in D major
- Sonata No. 7 in F minor
- Sonata No. 8 in C major
- Sonata No. 9 in B minor
- Sonata No. 10 in G major
- Sonata No. 11 in E flat major
- Sonata No. 12 in D minor
. . . and Op. 8
- Sonata No. 1 in F major
- Sonata No. 2 in D major
- Sonata No. 3 in G minor
- Sonata No. 4 in C major
- Sonata No. 5 in G major
- Sonata No. 6 in E flat major
Mendelssohn’s string quartets:
- String Quartet in E-flat Major (1823)
- String Quartet No. 1 in E-flat Major, Op. 12 (1829)
- String Quartet No. 2 in A Minor, Op. 13 (1827)
- String Quartet No. 3 in D Major, Op. 44, No. 1 (1838)
- String Quartet No. 4 in E Minor, Op. 44, No. 2 (1827)
- String Quartet No. 5 in E-flat Major, Op. 44, No. 3 (1828)
- String Quartet No. 6 in F Minor, Op. 80 (1849)
- Raga Goonkali (Gunkali) (performances by Salamat Ali and Nazakat Ali Khan, Kishori Amonkar and Shivkumar Sharma)
- Elsner’s kind and unassuming string quartets, Op. 1
- Bland, Piano Sonata No. 18 in G minor
[For some people, compassion and service arise out of a sense of duty. In this scene, a priest has witnessed a group of people heartlessly mocking a mis-shapen child – Quasimodo.]
For several minutes, a young priest had been listening to the reasoning of the Haudriettes and the sentences of the notary. He had a severe face, with a large brow, a profound glance. He thrust the crowd silently aside, scrutinized the “little magician,” and stretched out his hand upon him. It was high time, for all the devotees were already licking their chops over the “fine, flaming fagot.” “I adopt this child,” said the priest. He took it in his cassock and carried it off. [Victor Hugo, Notre-Dame de Paris, or, The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1831), Volume I, Book Fourth, Chapter I, “Good Souls”.]