Calmness on these pages refers to an emotional attribute. We cannot easily restore ourselves if we are agitated. Being calm allows us to calm the mind and the body, and rest productively.
- Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Girls Picking Flowers in a Meadow (1890)
- Alfred Sisley, Small Meadows in Spring (1880)
- Claude Monet, Walk in the Meadows at Argenteuil (1873)
- Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Young Man Walking with Dogs in Fontainbleu Forest(1866)
Music: Composers, artists, and major works
Music of Frederic Delius
- North Country Sketches
- A Walk to the Paradise Garden
- In a Summer Garden
- Violin Sonatas (4): No. 1; No. 2; No. 3; Sonata in B major, Op. Posth.
Western "classical" works:
- Debussy, Suite Bergamasque: here are links to performances by Rudolf Firkusny, Jean-Effiam Bavouzet and Kathryn Stott.
- Beethoven, Piano Sonata No. 15 in D major, Op. 28, “Pastoral” (1801): calm, reflective, unrushed (performances by Goode, Barenboim and Ashkenazy)
- Gubaidulina, Concerto for Viola and Orchestra (1996) is the antithesis of calmness.
- Francesco Canova di Milano: Lute works
- Áine Minogue, “Celtic Meditation Music”
- Liquid Mind IX, “Lullaby”
- Los Angeles Guitar Quintet, various tracks
- Hikari Oe, “Music of Hikari Oe” and “Music of Hikari Oe 2”
- Frank Kimbrough, “Solstice”
- Bryan Rahija, “Timber”
- Coşkun Karademir, Derya Türkan, Tord Gustavsen & Ömer Arslan, “Silence”
- Chris Dingman, “Indian Sitar: Relaxing Traditional Indian Music for Meditation”
Indian classical ragas:
- Raga Bhimpalasi (Bheempalasi, Bhimpalas, Palasi) is an early afternoon Hindustani classical raag, which has been shown to have a calming effect. Linked performances are by Shahid Parvez Khan, Banerjee and Bhattacharya.
- Raga Asavari, a Hindustani classical rag for morning (performances by Amir Khan, Imrat Khan and Bhimsen Joshi)
- Raga Jaunpuri, a Hindustani classical rag for late morning, which is also popular in Carnatic circles (performances by Sharafat Hussain Khan, Bhimsen Joshi and Ali Akbar Khan)